The Key to an Artificial Heart … and Open-Heart Surgery

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Scientists have been trying to pull blood out of the body and put it back in again since the early 1800s, but bypass machines haven’t been easy to get right.

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Sources:

https://books.google.com/books?id=UPUCDAAAQBAJ&lpg=PA119&dq=vitreous%20fluid%20center%20gel%20edges&pg=PA119#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://thesis.library.caltech.edu/974/3/CSN_CH3.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/veterinary-science-and-veterinary-medicine/vitreous-humour
https://www.jci.org/articles/view/10706/pdf
https://nei.nih.gov/health/floaters/floaters
https://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/eye-vitreous-and-aqueous-humor#seoBlock
http://www.aclm.org.uk/index.php?url=04_FAQs/default.php&Q=3
https://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/cornea

Images:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eye-diagram_bg.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FundusPhotoAntha.jpg

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