Men Are From Laurel, Women Are From Yanny (Statistically Speaking)

I discovered a sex difference in Laurel/Yanny perception! Let’s talk about it.
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Hey musical scientists! I decided to try a talking video. This Laurel/Yanny thing is pretty up my alley as a singer and music producer; I’m used to thinking about sound manipulation and harmonics. But the real reason I’m making this video is that I think I can contribute to the scientific conversation about the phenomenon! I discovered by polling my Twitter following that there’s a weak (ϕ = 0.14) but SIGNIFICANTLY (p = 0.0033) correlation between Laurel/Yanny perception and sex, with men skewing 60/40 for Laurel while women go 55/45 for Yanny. Meanwhle, I found NO correlation between age and perception, even though many videos and articles have been proposing one. Here are the links to the original polls.

Sex: https://twitter.com/acapellascience/status/996798737421930496
Age: https://twitter.com/acapellascience/status/996822387177021440

I think what this shows is that the phenomenon has less to do with which frequencies you can HEAR, and more about perceptual post-processing. I propose that this is a noise-compensation phenomenon: Those who hear Yanny treat the upper harmonics (3-6 kHz) as part of the harmonic character of speech, while people who hear Laurel discard it as noise. Women’s higher natural formants on vowel sounds (even when the fundamental is the same) may result in a higher cut-off threshold for speech frequencies than men, skewing women towards Yanny and men towards Laurel.

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Sources:
Vocabulary.com page: https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/laurel
Frequency filtering video by Dylan Bennett: https://twitter.com/MBoffin/status/996562598815416321
ASAPScience’s video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDiXQl7grPQ
New York Times article: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/05/16/upshot/audio-clip-yanny-laurel-debate.html
Voice, Speech, and Gender: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00764811/document

Audio clips from Freesound.org:
https://freesound.org/people/stomachache/sounds/192529/
https://freesound.org/people/Percy%20Duke/sounds/28024/
https://freesound.org/people/inchadney/sounds/173154/
https://freesound.org/people/Yuval/sounds/210592/
https://freesound.org/people/InspectorJ/sounds/403180/

Background music by me: https://soundcloud.com/timblaismusic/sets/n-i-n-t-e-n-d-o-r-revived

Do You Hear “Yanny” or “Laurel”? (SOLVED with SCIENCE)

Yanny vs. Laurel audio illusion solved! PHEW FINALLY!
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Or search “SIDENOTE” wherever you get your podcasts.

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SNAPCHAT US ‘whalewatchmeplz’ and ‘pixelmitch’

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References/Further Reading:
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/05/dont-rest-on-your-laurels/560483/ A Linguist Explains Why ‘Laurel’ Sounds Like ‘Yanny’

https://www.popsci.com/yanny-laurel-scientific-evidence Yanny vs. Laurel is ‘The Dress of 2018’—but these sound experts think they can end the debate right now

https://www.theverge.com/2018/5/15/17358136/yanny-laurel-the-dress-audio-illusion-frequency-sound-perception Yanny or Laurel? The science behind the audio version of The Dress

https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/15/health/yanny-laurel-audio-social-media-trnd/index.html Laurel or Yanny? What science has to say

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/may/16/yanny-or-laurel-sound-illusion-sets-off-ear-splitting-argumentsYanny or Laurel: why do some people hear a different word?

https://www.vox.com/2018/5/15/17357684/yanny-or-laurel-audio “Yanny” or “Laurel”: the audio clip that’s tearing the internet apart

Yanny Laurel vote audio illusion the dress Do you hear Yanny or Laurel Cloe Feldman What Do You Hear?!

LAB RULES – Dua Lipa “New Rules” Parody

Our low cost science parody of Dua Lipa’s official music video New Rules!
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Watch the original Dua Lipa New Rules video: https://youtu.be/k2qgadSvNyU

Created by: Mitchell Moffit and Gregory Brown
Written by: Mitchell Moffit, Gregory Brown, Rachel Salt
Filmed by: Sel Grebrehiwot
Music and Editing: Mitchell Moffit

Dancers: Kalie Woodcock, Kim Moffit, Eric DaCosta, Gill Lomax

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LYRICS:

Working into the lab and I’m
Thinking about safety
(Got goggles drawn, and labcoats on)
Open-toe shoes outta here
Are you going crazy?
(Things could go wrong, things could go wrong)

My gloves
They make me safe around chemicals, my chemicals
My love
Tie back your hair and prep materials, the materials

One; don’t you taste or sniff
You know you should be wafting if you’re taking a whiff
Two; don’t mix it in
Until the label’s checked again
Three; no food or drink
Unless you wanna have us find you dead in the morning
And if you follow this, you will mitigate the risk

Mom vs. Dad: What Did You Inherit?

Learn more about your DNA by going to: https://www.23andme.com/ASAP
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Created by: Mitchell Moffit and Gregory Brown
Written by: Amanda Edward, Rachel Salt, Greg Brown & Mitch Moffit
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Edited by: Sel Ghebrehiwot

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Further Reading/References:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167629616303666?via%3Dihub
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/babies-paternal-resemblance/
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep45885
https://www.23andme.com/en-ca/gen101/origins/
http://anthro.palomar.edu/biobasis/bio_4.htm
https://www.alnmag.com/news/2013/08/dad%E2%80%99s-genes-build-placentas
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/08/dad-s-genes-build-placentas-study-shows
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3696791/
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/classical-genetics/sex-linkage-non-nuclear-chromosomal-mutations/a/sex-linkage-sex-determination-and-x-inactivation
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/basics/observable/
http://www.genesinlife.org/genetics-101/how-does-genetics-work/main-inheritance-patterns
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5308812/
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v40/n11/abs/ng.228.html
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v40/n11/abs/ng.255.html
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/classical-genetics/sex-linkage-non-nuclear-chromosomal-mutations/a/x-inactivation
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/turner-syndrome
http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab3/crossovr.html
https://www.nature.com/scitable/definition/principle-of-independent-assortment-law-of-independent-302
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2015/03/03/genetically-more-like-dad/#.WVejxITythE
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v47/n4/full/ng.3222.html
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/03/150302123253.htm
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/like-mother-like-daughter-the-science-says-so-too/
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/49005/
http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/do-you-share-more-genes-your-mother-or-your-father/
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167488913001092
http://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(12)01106-3?_returnURL=http%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0092867412011063%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
http://www.mitocanada.org/about-mitochondrial-disease/how-is-mitochondrial-disease-inherited-2/
http://www.mitoaction.org/mito-faq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9b7w2wJu7Eo
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/prader-willi-syndrome
http://www.fpwr.ca/about-prader-willi-syndrome/
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/angelman-syndrome

Mom vs Dad Genetic Traits inherited Characteristics Y Chromosome X Chromosome Mitochondrial DNA Maternal Linked Disease Why Am I going Bald Male Colour Blindness Do babies look more like their fathers is intelligence inherited is depression inherited is depression genetic genetic facial features how DNA is inherited how ancestry works

What Does Your Poop Say About You?

Your poop says A LOT about your health – but how?
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Produced by: Gregory Brown, Mitchell Moffit, Rachel Salt

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What Happens When You Inbreed?

Incest makes us disgusted – but why?
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Further Reading/References:
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animals-and-us/201210/the-problem-incest
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6839266
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2726650

The Periodic Table Song (2018 UPDATE!)

The COMPLETE Periodic Table!
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In celebration of National Periodic Table Day, here is our song updated with the 4 newly named elements!
https://www.asapscience.com/

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——————————————

Written, Directed, Produced, Edited and Sung by Mitchell Moffit.
Based on the “Can-Can” music, by Offenbach.

LYRICS:

There’s Hydrogen and Helium
Then Lithium, Beryllium
Boron, Carbon everywhere
Nitrogen all through the air

With Oxygen so you can breathe
And Fluorine for your pretty teeth
Neon to light up the signs
Sodium for salty times

Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon
Phosphorus, then Sulfur, Chlorine and Argon
Potassium, and Calcium so you’ll grow strong
Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium and Chromium and Manganese

CHORUS
This is the Periodic Table
Noble gas is stable
Halogens and Alkali react agressively
Each period will see new outer shells
While electrons are added moving to the right

Iron is the 26th
Then Cobalt, Nickel coins you get
Copper, Zinc and Gallium
Germanium and Arsenic

Selenium and Bromine film
While Krypton helps light up your room
Rubidium and Strontium then Yttrium, Zirconium

Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium
Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium
Silver-ware then Cadmium and Indium
Tin-cans, Antimony then Tellurium and Iodine and Xenon and then Caesium and…

Barium is 56 and this is where the table splits
Where Lanthanides have just begun
Lanthanum, Cerium and Praseodymium

Neodymium’s next too
Promethium, then 62’s
Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium and Terbium
Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium
Ytterbium, Lutetium

Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten then we’re on to
Rhenium, Osmium and Iridium
Platinum, Gold to make you rich till you grow old
Mercury to tell you when it’s really cold

Thallium and Lead then Bismuth for your tummy
Polonium, Astatine would not be yummy
Radon, Francium will last a little time
Radium then Actinides at 89

REPEAT CHORUS

Actinium, Thorium, Protactinium
Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium
Americium, Curium, Berkelium
Californium, Einsteinium, Fermium
Mendelevium, Nobelium, Lawrencium
Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium
Bohrium, Hassium then Meitnerium
Darmstadtium, Roentgenium, Copernicium

Nihonium, Flerovium
Moscovium, Livermorium
Tennessine, Oganesson
And then we’re done!!

When Millennials Try Environmentalism

Why is being an environmentalist so hard?
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Created by: Mitchell Moffit and Gregory Brown
Written by: Gregory Brown
Produced by: Gregory Brown, Mitchell Moffit, Sel Ghebrehiwot, Rachel Salt and Chelsea Scherer
Edited by: Sel Ghebrehiwot, Mitchell Moffit and Gregory Brown

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Created by Mitchell Moffit (twitter @mitchellmoffit) and Gregory Brown (twitter @whalewatchmeplz).

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Sources–
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2995507/
https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/7/14/15963544/climate-change-individual-choices
https://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21725009-rich-pollute-poor-suffer-climate-change-and-inequality
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-bad-of-a-greenhouse-gas-is-methane/
http://news.mit.edu/2013/footwear-carbon-footprint-0522

Circumcised vs. Uncircumcised – Which Is Better?

How does circumcision affect your penis?
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Created by: Mitchell Moffit and Gregory Brown
Written by: Tharsan Kana
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Further Reading —

https://people.howstuffworks.com/circumcision5.htm

http://www.cirp.org/library/restoration/hall1/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/jewishethics/circumcision_1.shtml

http://nationalpost.com/health/canadian-pediatricians-objection-to-circumcising-babies-at-odds-with-the-evidence-new-study-suggests

http://nationalpost.com/health/canadian-paediatric-society-still-does-not-recommend-circumcision-but-now-concedes-potential-benefits
Circumcision and sexually transmitted diseases
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1614986/

Viral load and heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10738050
How does male circumcision protect against HIV infection?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1127372/
http://healthland.time.com/2013/04/17/why-circumcision-lowers-risk-of-hiv/
Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23374102

Male circumcision: implications for women as sexual partners and parents
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1016/S0968-8080(07)29311-5

Male circumcision and penile cancer: a systemic review and meta-analysis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3139859/

Male circumcision significantly reduces prevalence and load of genital anaerobic bacteria
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3634604/
Removal of foreskin remnants in circumcised adults for treatment of premature ejaculation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3130485/

The effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1464-410x.1999.0830s1079.x/epdf
The prepuce: specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8800902

Fine-touch pressure thresholds in the adult penis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17378847

Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23374102
Removal of foreskin remnants in circumcised adults for treatment of premature ejaculation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3130485/
Mucosal cuff length to penile length ratio may affect the risk of premature ejaculation in circumcised males
https://www.nature.com/articles/ijir201534

Should We Break Up? (DNA COMPATIBILITY TEST)

We’ve been together for 10 years, but should we stay together?
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The LAB is our series where we take your questions and turn them into experiments! Is there something you want us to try next? Let us know in the comments or on Instagram and Twitter. Who knows, your idea may become our next episode!

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