8 Survival Myths That Will Definitely Make Things Worse

You might think you know how to survive if you end up stranded in the wild, but those tips you read on the internet might just make things worse!

Some tips seem too good to be true, and they are. Others are ingrained enough to be common knowledge, except they’re wrong.

Hosted by: Hank Green

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Jerry Perez, Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali. Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/desert-cloudscape-gm482377760-69992289
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/snowy-empty-driving-road-in-the-winter-iceland-gm657042568-119691245

Eating snow
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=1619
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/01/23/463959512/so-you-want-to-eat-snow-is-it-safe-we-asked-scientists
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/winter-scene-thaw-gm628875450-111753311

Cactus juice
https://www.britannica.com/story/can-you-drink-water-from-a-cactus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC148931/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/jsfa.2740350410
https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1202
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/photosynthesis-in-plants/photorespiration–c3-c4-cam-plants/a/c3-c4-and-cam-plants-agriculture
https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/calcium-oxalate-stone
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ferocactus_wislizeni_(6541006057).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Prickly_Pear_Closeup.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/field-of-cactus-gm145997810-6138805

Urine and blood
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2008/05/the_yellow_liquid_diet.html
https://www.livescience.com/15899-drinking-blood-safe.html
https://www.hemochromatosis.org/#overview
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/beer-with-forth-gm183243456-14730136
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/blood-dripping-gm157509239-10684671

Moss
http://mentalfloss.com/article/56243/does-moss-really-only-grow-north-side-trees
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=2975
http://projects.ncsu.edu/project/bio181de/Lab/plant_phylogeny/non-vascular.html
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/strong-roots-of-old-tree-covered-with-green-moss-close-up-gm866600452-144131965
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/the-gree-hell-mossy-roots-and-trunks-in-deep-forest-gm912425688-251189812

Alcohol
http://mentalfloss.com/article/32256/does-drinking-alcohol-really-keep-you-warm-when-its-cold-out
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2318781
https://www.princeton.edu/~oa/safety/hypocold.shtml
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-view-of-the-bottle-in-ice-gm133897014-18274727
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/young-woman-drinking-a-tea-on-the-city-gm628664428-111676911

Frostbite
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/926249-overview#a3
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352688
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/man-with-a-tan-beanie-and-red-scarf-trying-to-warm-up-gm142527503-17874723

Snakebite
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra013477
https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/pathophysiological-and-pharmacological-effects-of-snake-venom-components-molecular-targets-2161-0495.1000-190.php?aid=25709
http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/venomous-snake-bites-mans-finger-gm939901378-256963981
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/isolated-diamondback-rattlesnake-gm91032724-5881298

Jellyfish
https://www.britannica.com/science/nematocyst#ref1013437
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/3/105/htm?xid=PS_smithsonian
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/how-fix-jellyfish-sting-180963582/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-behind-that-jellyfish-sting-2844876/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4728541/
https://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/14/health/14real.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3773479/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moon_jellyfish_at_Gota_Sagher.JPG
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/stingers-gm172300393-3544362

Thumbnail:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/caveman-gm157533887-11308958

Every Scientific Study on Arnold Schwarzenegger

Sometimes I use this platform for good, sometimes I use it to uncover every scientific study mentioning Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Please check out Hot Mess! 🔥https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsaEBhRsI6tmmz12fkSEYdw

ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft
SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

After using a study mentioning Schwarzenegger a few episodes ago, I wondered, “How many scientific studies mention Arnold Schwarzenegger?” And when I looked into it, the answer REALLY got out of hand. This was a real pain in the neck.

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

Thanks to Teagan Wall for her research support (she is now the #1 world expert on Arnold Schwarzenegger in academia). This episode was written by Teagan Wall and Vanessa Hill. Filmed by Dominique Taylor and Edited by Vanessa Hill.

REFERENCES 📚
All papers mentioned here you can find in this document: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1bg_d3ZoFUs-b7V_gVKqZbjgaOdA4fTptCxM_E6xn8X0/edit?usp=sharing

How Gaslighting Manipulates Your Mind | Field Guide to Bad Behaviour

Has anyone ever made you question your reality? How gaslighting manipulates your mind.

SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE
ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

Humans are complicated: a tangled web of amazing biology and bad behaviours. This illustrated field guide will equip you with the necessary tools to navigate the lying, jealous and judgmental tendencies of your fellow humans. This week we explore gaslighting, a form of emotional abuse and thought manipulation.

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

REFERENCES 📚
Barton & Whitehead (1969) “The gas-light phenomenon”. Lancet https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(69)92133-3

Why we lie: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/lying-hoax-false-fibs-science/

Turning up the light on gaslighting, 2014: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/phpe.12046

Gaslighting in politics: https://www.nytimes.com/1995/11/26/opinion/l-liberties-the-gaslight-strategy-066192.html

Workplace abuse http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244017715076

Why Do Some Shots Make Your Arm Hurt So Much?

From MMR boosters to tetanus, you’ll probably get a lot of shots in your life. And one thing you might notice is that some of them don’t feel like much, but some of them can make your arm reallllly sore! Why is that?

Hosted by: Olivia Gordon

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Jerry Perez, Lazarus G, Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.wsj.com/articles/why-do-some-vaccines-hurt-more-than-others-1473096166
http://www.cmaj.ca/content/182/18/E843.full
https://www.popsci.com/why-does-my-arm-hurt-day-after-i-get-my-flu-shot#page-2
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1118997/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X14016673?via%3Dihub
http://www.chicagotribune.com/brandpublishing/leahdurantlaw/ct-what-a-misplaced-needle-can-mean-for-you-20160914-htmlstory.html
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/vac-admin.html
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/general-recs/administration.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1570021/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2769648/
http://www.cochrane.org/CD010720/SYMPT_needle-size-for-vaccination-procedures-in-children-and-adolescents
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.4161/hv.4.1.4747
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0952791517300869?via%3Dihub
http://www.patientcareonline.com/vaccines/vaccine-adjuvants-little-pain-worth-gain/page/0/1
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4494348/
https://journals.lww.com/pidj/Fulltext/2015/02000/Pain_in_Adolescent_Girls_Receiving_Human.18.aspx
https://academic.oup.com/jpids/article/4/4/396/2580461
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/adjuvants.html

Are you lying to yourself? | Field Guide to Bad Behaviour

Do you lie to yourself? Be… honest. This week we cover the psychology of self-deception.
Last week: Why People Blame Others https://youtu.be/HQQe_yFDf0U

ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft
SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE

Humans are complicated: a tangled web of amazing biology and bad behaviours. This illustrated field guide will equip you with the necessary tools to navigate the lying, jealous and judgmental tendencies of your fellow humans. This week we explore self-deception, the act of lying to yourself.

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour and filmed by Dominique Taylor. Animations by Vanessa Hill.
And thank you to Mike Rugnetta for his help improving the audio.

REFERENCES 📚
The Elements of a Scientific Theory of Self‐Deception:
https://nyaspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06619.x

Self-deception facilitates interpersonal persuasion: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167487016301854

Positive illusions: Creative self-deception and the healthy mind:
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1989-98298-000

A status-enhancement account of overconfidence:
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2012-18756-001

A Longitudinal Test of Three Theories of Overconfidence
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1948550617699252

Can You Keep Donating and Regrowing Your Liver?

Fun Fact: people can donate over half of their liver, and the tissue will grow back within a year! Knowing that, it seems pretty logical to assume that we could just keep donating and regrowing our livers over and over again, but is that really the case?

Special Thanks: Dr. George Michalopoulos, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Medical Center

Hosted by: Hank Green

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Jerry Perez, Lazarus G, Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
Dr. George Michalopoulos, personal communication
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/276/5309/60
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toxic-hepatitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352202
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02889179
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.20969/full
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.20214/full
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2701258/
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1432-2277.2005.00158.x/full
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3976740/

Why you blame other people | Field Guide to Bad Behaviour

Catch blame shifting before it spreads 😷 [reupload]
Want to get my new email newsletter? Okay: https://goo.gl/Zw5Txq

ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft
SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE

Humans are complicated: a tangled web of amazing biology and bad behaviours. This illustrated field guide will equip you with the necessary tools to navigate the lying, jealous and judgmental tendencies of your fellow humans. This week we explore blame-shifting 👈

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour and filmed by Dominique Taylor. Animations by Vanessa Hill.
A big thank you to Mike Rugnetta for his help improving the audio from the previous version. Thank you also to Joe Hanson for his thumbnail advice.

REFERENCES 📚
Fast, N. J., & Tiedens, L. Z. (2010). Blame contagion: The automatic transmission of self-serving attributions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(1), 97-106.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022103109002601

Lee, F., & Tiedens, L. Z. (2001). Who’s being served?“Self-serving” attributions in social hierarchies. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 84(2), 254-287.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S074959780092925X

Mason, R. O. (2004). Lessons in Organizational Ethics from the Columbia Disaster:: Can a Culture be Lethal?. Organizational Dynamics, 33(2), 128-142. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0090261604000117

The Upside of Being Awkward

The science of awkwardness. Hi.
Want to get my new email newsletter? Okay: https://mailchi.mp/4cc014f830f4/normaldistribution
Cringeworthy: A Theory of Awkwardness, by Melissa Dahl http://amzn.to/2FRoLYT

ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft
SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

We can all be pretty awkward. Right? Here we cover the psychology of awkwardness. But it’s not all bad news. It’s a good thing that we’re aware of ourselves and care about how others perceive us. Feeling awkward can push us to sharpen our social skills. 👌

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour, filmed by Dominique Taylor, edited, hosted and produced by Vanessa Hill.

REFERENCES 📚
Cringeworthy: A Theory of Awkwardness, by Melissa Dahl http://amzn.to/2FRoLYT

Emergence of self-awareness and co-awareness in babies:
Rochat, P., Broesch, T., & Jayne, K. (2012). Social awareness and early self-recognition. Consciousness and cognition, 21(3), 1491-1497. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22673374

Gilovich, T., Medvec, V. H., & Savitsky, K. (2000). The spotlight effect in social judgment: An egocentric bias in estimates of the salience of one’s own actions and appearance. Journal of personality and social psychology, 78(2), 211. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3d2a/1c99395124bf9372e1493f314f6990a78473.pdf

Gilovich, T., Medvec, V. H., & Savitsky, K. (2000). The spotlight effect in social judgment: An egocentric bias in estimates of the salience of one’s own actions and appearance. Journal of personality and social psychology, 78(2), 211. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3d2a/1c99395124bf9372e1493f314f6990a78473.pdf

Brooks, A. W. (2014). Get excited: Reappraising pre-performance anxiety as excitement. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(3), 1144. ttps://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=45869

Awkward: The science of why we’re socially awkward and why that’s awesome by Ty Tashiro http://amzn.to/2G6fZJW

The Power of Curiosity

What if… you never saw the sun?
And the answers, from Life Noggin: https://youtu.be/7LDsh9dX3F8
Good luck ✌️

ORDER BRAINCRAFT MERCH! 🧠https://store.dftba.com/collections/braincraft
SUBSCRIBE to BrainCraft! 👉 http://ow.ly/rt5IE

All forms of curiosity, even silly hypotheticals, are important – they can lead to practical ideas as well. And two groups are great at it: kids and smart adults. But the average person forgets to be curious. Here we explore the power of curiosity, and in the words of Joe Hanson – Stay Curious! Don’t shy away from asking questions, however pointless they may seem.

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour, filmed by Dominique Taylor, edited, hosted and produced by Vanessa Hill and animated by Jade Tan-Holmes.

This episode was also inspired by two books (both recommended reads) 📚
Why? What Makes Us Curious by Mario Livio http://amzn.to/2FBp6je
and Videocracy by Kevin Allocca http://amzn.to/2qrxQ7q

Further reading/watching:
Richard Feynman “Tiny Machines” Nanotechnology Lecture
https://youtu.be/4eRCygdW–c?t
Richard Feynman, There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom: http://calteches.library.caltech.edu/47/2/1960Bottom.pdf
Stanford redefines what it means to be small: http://abc7news.com/archive/6755677/

We Just Found Out Fat Cells Can Move!

Fat cells don’t often receive praise in everyday life, but they probably deserve more credit, as they might be healing our wounds.

Hosted by: Hank Green
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطا الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.eurekalert.org/emb_releases/2018-02/cp-wfc022218.php
http://www.cell.com/developmental-cell/fulltext/S1534-5807(18)30092-3
https://press.nature.com/?post_type=press_release&p=106047
http://nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03168-1
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140716-giant-viruses-science-life-evolution-origins/
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/giant-viruses-likely-not-involved-in-the-origin-of-cells-after-all/
https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/discovery-of-the-giant-mimivirus-14402410
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2127080-giant-viruses-may-just-be-small-viruses-that-stole-hosts-genes/
https://www.nature.com/news/giant-virus-discovery-sparks-debate-over-tree-of-life-1.21798
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/giant-viruses-found-austrian-sewage-fuel-debate-over-potential-fourth-domain-life
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6333/82
https://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/49154/title/New-Giant-Virus-Group-Reported/
https://phys.org/news/2017-04-group-giant-viruses.html

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drosophila_melanogaster_Proboscis.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fruit_fly_pupae_01.jpg
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/163743.php?from=385790
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/163741.php?from=385790
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rio_de_Janeiro_visto_do_Parque_da_Cidade,_em_Niter%C3%B3i.jpg
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-02591-0