The Real Reason Peppers are Spicy

SciShow’s hot take: Peppers don’t produce that spicy goodness for the reason you think!

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867402006372
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00442-006-0496-y#page-1
https://www.nature.com/articles/35086653
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9035246?dopt=Abstract https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2093168?dopt=Abstract https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3311884/ https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10886-005-9017-4
https://www.theguardian.com/science/grrlscientist/2011/dec/22/economics-red-chili-peppers
https://www.acs.org/content/dam/acsorg/education/resources/highschool/chemmatters/archive/chemmatters-dec2013-pepper.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/105/33/11808.full.pdf https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-so-hot-about-chili-peppers-116907465/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Habanero_peppers.svg#filehistory
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Red_Chili_Peppers.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Microconidia_and_Macroconidia_of_the_fungus_Fusarium_sp.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anaheim_Chili_Peppers.jpg

What Happened to Nuclear Power? | Hot Mess

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Splitting the atom once promised to be the carbon-free energy source of the future. But today, nuclear power plants are aging and retiring worldwide. What happened?

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What Happened to Nuclear Power? | Hot Mess

Peril & Promise is a public media initiative from WNET telling human stories of climate change and its solutions.
Learn more at: at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/peril-and-promise/

Splitting the atom once promised to be the carbon-free energy source of the future. But today, nuclear power plants are aging and retiring worldwide. What happened?

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References: *URL to Google Doc goes here*

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Host/Writer: Miriam Nielsen
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97% of Climate Scientists Really Do Agree

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Do 97% of climate scientists really agree that humans are the main cause of climate change? Yep! Here’s what the 97 percent statistic *really* means.

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We’ve Ignored Climate Change For More Than a Century | Hot Mess

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We’ve known about the greenhouse effect for nearly 200 years and about global warming for more than a century, but we’ve had a hard time acting because our brains aren’t a good match for a problem this big.

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3 (Actually Safe) Ways to Fight Climate Change

Climate change is happening we all need to get serious about limiting our carbon dioxide emissions! At the same time, scientists are looking for plan B because we might need it.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Sources:
https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/policy/publications/2009/8693.pdf
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/geoengineering-and-climate-change/
http://www.ce-conference.org/what-climate-engineering
http://e360.yale.edu/features/how_third_way_technologies_can_help_win_the_climate_fight
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/nov/20/climate-crisis-future-brighter-tim-flannery

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259892834_Negative_Carbon_Via_Ocean_Afforestation
https://qz.com/534553/seaweed-could-save-the-worlds-oceans-from-becoming-too-acidic/
http://www.climatecentral.org/news/we-just-breached-the-410-parts-per-million-threshold-21372
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/oceans/critical-issues-ocean-acidification/
https://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/What+is+Ocean+Acidification%3F

http://e360.yale.edu/features/pulling_co2_from_the_air_promising_idea_big_price_tag
https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/jul/14/carbon-direct-air-capture-startups-tech-climate
https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-08-30/artificial-tree-part-solution-climate-change-these-guys-think-so
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jan/12/artificial-trees-fight-climate-change
https://cnce.engineering.asu.edu/
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/06/switzerland-giant-new-machine-sucking-carbon-directly-air
https://qz.com/1100221/the-worlds-first-negative-emissions-plant-has-opened-in-iceland-turning-carbon-dioxide-into-stone/

https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0135.1
http://earthtechling.com/2015/11/could-we-sequester-co2-in-antarctic-ice/
http://www.gi.alaska.edu/alaska-science-forum/cool-idea-locking-carbon-dioxide
https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0110.1
https://judithcurry.com/2012/08/24/a-modest-proposal-for-sequestration-of-co2-in-the-antarctic/
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Images:
https://www.nasa.gov/content/earths-horizon-and-clouds-over-the-south-pacific-ocean
https://www.flickr.com/photos/noaaphotolib/5123553062/in/photostream/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seaweed#/media/File:WomenWorking_SeaweedZanzibar_3.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/noaaphotolib/5077882249/in/album-72157625320966201/
http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo-christmas-fir-tree/498027148
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hirtstein2.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AntarcticaDomeCSnow.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/noaaphotolib/5277912058/in/album-72157624899643697/

Welcome to Hot Mess! A New Show About Earth’s Changing Climate

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How Tattoos Really Work… At Least in Mice

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People have been getting tattoos for thousands of years, but we’ve never quite been sure why the ink sticks around under our skin. A group of researchers now think they might have the answer. Plus, scientists are on the road to making drought-proof plants!

Hosted by: Stefan Chin
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Sources:
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/tattoos-144038580/
https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-06/fyi-what-makes-tattoos-permanent
http://www.businessinsider.com/what-happens-to-skin-when-you-get-a-tattoo-2015-6
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/07/the-real-reason-tattoos-are-permanent/374825/
http://redo.com.my/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/97_Ferguson_NeodymiumYAG-Laser_BJD_Nd.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20171608
https://ensia.com/voices/gmos-silver-bullets-and-the-trap-of-reductionist-thinking/
http://nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03231-x
http://ripe.illinois.edu/team/executive-committee
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6314/857

Could We Give Mars a Magnetic Field?

One way to help us live on Mars would be to terraform the planet. Some scientists think we might be able to do that by giving it a new magnetic field!

Host: Caitlin Hofmeister
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Sources:
https://livestream.com/viewnow/vision2050/videos/150701155
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/V2050/pdf/8250.pdf
https://phys.org/news/2017-03-nasa-magnetic-shield-mars-atmosphere.html
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/05/nasa-finds-evidence-of-a-vast-ancient-ocean-on-mars
http://www.cnn.com/2017/11/29/world/climate-change-geoengineering/index.html
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/01/solar-shield-could-save-us-climate-change-its-sudden-collapse-would-doom-planet
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Images:
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/real-martians-how-to-protect-astronauts-from-space-radiation-on-mars
https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap140511.html
https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/21360/
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/chasma-boreale-and-the-north-polar-ice-cap
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraforming_of_Mars#/media/File:Magnetic_shield_on_L1_orbit_around_Mars.png
https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/mms-in-space-concept
https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/mms-in-space-concept
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_sunshade#/media/File:Space_lens.png
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraforming_of_Mars#/media/File:MarsTransitionV.jpg

How the First Americans Got There

This week, researches published a genetic analysis of the 11,500-year-old remains of a baby found in Alaska, near where the first Americans crossed the Bering land bridge. That analysis has answered some lingering questions about human migration to the Americas.

Thumbnail Image Credit: Eric S. Carlson in collaboration with Ben Potter

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Sources:
http://press.nature.com/?post_type=press_release&p=100893
http://nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/nature25173
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25385599
http://www.pnas.org/content/112/45/13833.abstract