Medieval China: Crash Course History of Science #8

Like Egypt, Sumer, and Mesoamerica, ancient China represents a hydraulic civilization—one that maintained its population by diverting rivers to aid in irrigation—and one that developed writing thousands of years ago. Today, we’re going to focus on the time of the Northern and Southern Song Dynasties, a time of great technical innovation. But, before we get to the Song, let’s take a tour through the ages and explore key elements of Chinese scientific culture.

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8 Survival Myths That Will Definitely Make Things Worse

You might think you know how to survive if you end up stranded in the wild, but those tips you read on the internet might just make things worse!

Some tips seem too good to be true, and they are. Others are ingrained enough to be common knowledge, except they’re wrong.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/desert-cloudscape-gm482377760-69992289
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/snowy-empty-driving-road-in-the-winter-iceland-gm657042568-119691245

Eating snow
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=1619
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/01/23/463959512/so-you-want-to-eat-snow-is-it-safe-we-asked-scientists
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/winter-scene-thaw-gm628875450-111753311

Cactus juice
https://www.britannica.com/story/can-you-drink-water-from-a-cactus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC148931/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/jsfa.2740350410
https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1202
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/photosynthesis-in-plants/photorespiration–c3-c4-cam-plants/a/c3-c4-and-cam-plants-agriculture
https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/calcium-oxalate-stone
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ferocactus_wislizeni_(6541006057).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Prickly_Pear_Closeup.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/field-of-cactus-gm145997810-6138805

Urine and blood
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2008/05/the_yellow_liquid_diet.html
https://www.livescience.com/15899-drinking-blood-safe.html
https://www.hemochromatosis.org/#overview
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/beer-with-forth-gm183243456-14730136
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/blood-dripping-gm157509239-10684671

Moss
http://mentalfloss.com/article/56243/does-moss-really-only-grow-north-side-trees
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=2975
http://projects.ncsu.edu/project/bio181de/Lab/plant_phylogeny/non-vascular.html
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/strong-roots-of-old-tree-covered-with-green-moss-close-up-gm866600452-144131965
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/the-gree-hell-mossy-roots-and-trunks-in-deep-forest-gm912425688-251189812

Alcohol
http://mentalfloss.com/article/32256/does-drinking-alcohol-really-keep-you-warm-when-its-cold-out
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2318781
https://www.princeton.edu/~oa/safety/hypocold.shtml
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-view-of-the-bottle-in-ice-gm133897014-18274727
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/young-woman-drinking-a-tea-on-the-city-gm628664428-111676911

Frostbite
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/926249-overview#a3
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352688
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/man-with-a-tan-beanie-and-red-scarf-trying-to-warm-up-gm142527503-17874723

Snakebite
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra013477
https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/pathophysiological-and-pharmacological-effects-of-snake-venom-components-molecular-targets-2161-0495.1000-190.php?aid=25709
http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/venomous-snake-bites-mans-finger-gm939901378-256963981
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/isolated-diamondback-rattlesnake-gm91032724-5881298

Jellyfish
https://www.britannica.com/science/nematocyst#ref1013437
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/3/105/htm?xid=PS_smithsonian
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/how-fix-jellyfish-sting-180963582/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-behind-that-jellyfish-sting-2844876/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4728541/
https://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/14/health/14real.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3773479/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moon_jellyfish_at_Gota_Sagher.JPG
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/stingers-gm172300393-3544362

Thumbnail:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/caveman-gm157533887-11308958

If There’s Acid Rain, Is There Basic Rain?

You’ve probably heard of acid rain: rain that’s more acidic than normal because of pollution in the atmosphere. But, if rain can become more acidic, shouldn’t it also be able to become more basic?

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:
https://smile.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured/dp/1608193942/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969700003806
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/es00167a014
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-0810-5_128
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2001JD001332
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0187623614710999
http://news.gallup.com/poll/1615/environment.aspx
https://www.epa.gov/acidrain/what-acid-rain
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/196buildings.html
https://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/climate-weather/atmospheric/acid-rain1.htm
https://dnr.wi.gov/regulations/labcert/documents/training/Basics-GenChem.pdf
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac60256a047
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/184ph.html
https://www.earthmagazine.org/article/neutralizing-rain-after-much-success-battle-against-acid-rain-challenges-remain
https://whatsyourimpact.org/greenhouse-gases/nitrous-oxide-emissions
https://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/SO2poster_508.pdf
http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200801_jan08/paper_02.pdf
https://ceoas.oregonstate.edu/people/files/jones/lajtha_jones_biogeochem_13.pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/16742834.2010.11446852
https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2004110582A2
https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/420/420-254/420-254.html
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07438148709354797
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sum.12270

The largest CITIES in the USA summarized – Part 1 (Geography Now!)

The first 25 “Largest -per-state cities explained. Birmingham to Kansas city. Enjoy!

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Scientists Just Transferred Memories… Between Sea Slugs

Scientists were able to transfer a specific memory from one sea slug to another! And research suggests that focusing on your breathing could help you focus on other things as well!

Thumbnail Credit: Bédécarrats et al., eNeuro (2018)

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:
https://doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0038-18.2018
https://www.eurekalert.org/emb_releases/2018-05/sfn-mtb050818.php
http://www.molluscs.at/gastropoda/index.html?/gastropoda/morphology/nervous_system.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18997122
https://academic.oup.com/hmg/article/15/suppl_1/R17/632705
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3521964/
http://learnmem.cshlp.org/content/23/10/587.full
http://dev.biologists.org/content/139/15/2792?ijkey=1cce4c48adde1dc432e78b40297eef743fbb52e3&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5310836/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/psyp.13091
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/tcd-tym051018.php
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2929404/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DNA_methylation.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DNA_methylation.png

Straight Outta Stratford-Upon-Avon – Shakespeare’s Early Days: Crash Course Theater #14

This is the story of how a young Englishman named William Shakespeare stormed London’s theater scene in the late 16th century, and wrote a bunch of plays and poems that have had pretty good staying power. We’ll learn about Shakespeare’s beginnings, his family, and how he broke into theater

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What is Engineering?: Crash Course Engineering #1

In our first episode of Crash Course Engineering, Shini explains what engineering is, and gives a brief overview of its four main branches (civil, mechanical, electrical, and chemical) as well as a look at some of the other fields of engineering.

Crash Course Engineering is produced in association with PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV

***

RESOURCES:
https://www.britannica.com/technology/engineering
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/engineer
http://enacademic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/23915
https://www.britannica.com/technology/military-engineering
https://www.britannica.com/technology/civil-engineering
https://www.bls.gov/ooh/architecture-and-engineering/mechanical-engineers.htm
http://me.columbia.edu/what-mechanical-engineering
https://www.britannica.com/technology/history-of-technology/The-Industrial-Revolution-1750-1900
https://www.livescience.com/44186-who-invented-the-steam-engine.html
https://www.britannica.com/technology/steam-engine
https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/careers/college-to-career/chemistry-careers/chemical-engineering.html
https://www.livescience.com/47499-what-is-engineering.html
https://www.livescience.com/48134-what-is-chemical-engineering.html
https://www.livescience.com/47702-aerospace-engineering.html
https://www.livescience.com/47749-nuclear-engineering.html
https://www.livescience.com/48001-biomedical-engineering.html
http://time.com/money/4920319/the-1-college-major-that-will-earn-you-the-most-right-out-of-college/
https://www.forbes.com/sites/karstenstrauss/2017/06/28/college-degrees-with-the-highest-and-lowest-starting-salaries-in-2017/#4a0837cb2343
“The Story of Engineering” by James Kip Finch. Anchor Books, 1960.

***

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The Art Of Sci-Fi Book Covers

A look at the colorful history of sci-fi book covers

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SOURCES

https://www.thedailybeast.com/cover-story-richard-powerss-pulp-surrealism

https://www.penguinsciencefiction.org/

https://dangerousminds.net/comments/classic_penguin_sci-fi_covers_from_the_1970s_by_david_pelham

http://mikedempsey.typepad.com/graphic_journey_blog/2013/11/david-pelham-cover-story.html

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2008/oct/05/art1

http://socks-studio.com/2016/09/16/zones-devoid-of-time-ballards-penguin-covers-by-david-pelham/

http://www.ballardian.com/pelham-art-of-inner-space

https://io9.gizmodo.com/how-richard-powers-made-science-fiction-book-covers-str-1692015738

http://www.jgballard.ca/terminal_collection/jgb_powers_covers.html

https://io9.gizmodo.com/5980171/frank-r-pauls-golden-age-science-fiction-art-still-dazzles-your-retinas-today

https://www.amazon.com/Frank-R-Paul-Art-Book/dp/1613772777?tag=gizmodoamzn-20&ascsubtag=903f656f44601953db0c4ab77f8c5b4ababf0b77&rawdata=%5Br%7Chttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F%5Bks%7Cgoogle%5Bt%7Clink%5Bp%7C5980171%5Ba%7C1613772777%5Bau%7C5717343349271019063%5Bb%7Cgizmodo

http://www.unz.com/print/SaturdayRev-1963sep14-00032/

http://noisydecentgraphics.typepad.com/design/2009/04/the-art-of-penguin-science-fiction.html

https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/the-decline-and-fall-of-the-book-cover

MUSIC

Mtbrd, “When I Tell You”
https://soundcloud.com/mtbrd/when-i-tell-you

Clean Soul Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Luar, “Into”
https://soundcloud.com/luarbeats/luar-beat3

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How Machines the Size of Molecules Could Change the World

Future advances in engineering may come from chemistry. From molecular motors to salt-shaker-drug-deliverers, the future looks small.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Sources:
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/machine
http://www.zyvex.com/nanotech/feynman.html
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2016/advanced-chemistryprize2016.pdf
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2016/popular-chemistryprize2016.pdf
https://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/10.2217/nnm.10.111?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov&
https://www.chemistryworld.com/feature/molecular-machines/9457.article
https://horizon-magazine.eu/printpdf/1669
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja00099a095
http://www.pnas.org/content/78/9/5275
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/anie.201703216/full
https://www.nature.com/articles/nnano.2006.45
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2016/sauvage-lecture-slides.pdf
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_organizations/nobelfoundation/symposia/chemistry/ncs-2001-2/abstract-stoddart.html
http://www.benferinga.com/research_sub1.php
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26990167
https://www.nature.com/articles/nnano.2014.315
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3438546/

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RichardFeynman-PaineMansionWoods1984_copyrightTamikoThiel_bw.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drexler763x1000.jpg
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