The Real Reason Peppers are Spicy

SciShow’s hot take: Peppers don’t produce that spicy goodness for the reason you think!

Hosted by: Hank Green

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Jerry Perez, Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali. Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867402006372
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00442-006-0496-y#page-1
https://www.nature.com/articles/35086653
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9035246?dopt=Abstract https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2093168?dopt=Abstract https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3311884/ https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10886-005-9017-4
https://www.theguardian.com/science/grrlscientist/2011/dec/22/economics-red-chili-peppers
https://www.acs.org/content/dam/acsorg/education/resources/highschool/chemmatters/archive/chemmatters-dec2013-pepper.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/105/33/11808.full.pdf https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-so-hot-about-chili-peppers-116907465/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Habanero_peppers.svg#filehistory
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Red_Chili_Peppers.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Microconidia_and_Macroconidia_of_the_fungus_Fusarium_sp.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anaheim_Chili_Peppers.jpg

Why Echidnas Are Evolutionary Misfits

Go to Squarespace.com/SciShow for a free trial and use the offer code SCISHOW to support this channel and save 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain.

It’s pretty well known that Australia is home to some strange animals, but echidnas are especially weird evolutionary misfits.

Hosted by: Hank Green
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطا الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-

Sources:
http://www.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/how-the-platypus-and-echidna-lost-their-stomachs.aspx
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/many-animals-including-the-platypus-lost-their-stomachs-180948103/
http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/12/03/how-the-platypus-and-a-quarter-of-fishes-lost-their-stomachs/
http://www.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/echidna.aspx
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0006070#s1
http://www.publish.csiro.au/ZO/ZO09037
https://eprints.utas.edu.au/2320/1/Nicol_et_al._2007_The_life_history_of_an_egg-laying_mammal2C_the_echidna_Ecoscience.pdf
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0531556508001629
http://reptilepark.com.au/animals/mammals/echidna/
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2011/01/11/3110568.htm
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcp.1040670108/abstract
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5399094/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2441467/
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/obl4he/vertebratediversity/monotremes.html
http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/522847?seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents
http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/nature/Factsheet3Echidnas.pdf
http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1591&context=hbspapers
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290413985_Marsupial_and_Monotreme_Evolution_And_Biogeography

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heteropoda_venatoria_-_female_at_Mechode_Padur.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CSIRO_ScienceImage_10356_Superb_Lyrebird.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monotreme_reproductive_organs.png

Why Don’t Humans Have Penis Bones?

Most other mammals have penis bones, so why don’t we?

Hosted by: Michael Aranda
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطا الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Bella Nash, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/dec/14/why-dont-humans-have-a-penis-bone-scientists-may-now-know-baculum
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-humans-have-no-penis-bone/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3650806/
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/283/1844/20161736
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/644/2198249
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/635/2198296
https://www.britannica.com/science/baculum
http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/08/08/a-most-interesting-bone/
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/evo.12229/abstract
http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/09/03/a-long-lost-bone/
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781119179313.wbprim0215/abstract
http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/researchers-in-museums/2012/11/26/how-did-man-lose-his-penis-bone/
https://academic.oup.com/jmammal/article-abstract/63/1/1/868491
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2907.2002.00112.x/abstract
http://mentalfloss.com/article/69282/8-hard-facts-about-penis-bone
http://www.pnas.org/content/106/Supplement_1/10025.full
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/02/science/monogamys-boost-to-human-evolution.html
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2164/jandrol.04145/full
https://www.nature.com/articles/nrg774

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pika_in_Nipesotsuyama.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Young_male_chimp.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Armand_de_Montlezun_(1841-1914)_Bacalum_terre-neuve.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Raccoonpenisbone.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lab_mouse_mg_3263.jpg