Future Literacies: Crash Course Media Literacy #12

We’ve seen and discussed the ways in which the rapid pace of technological change has affected the media literacy landscape, and it’s clear that change isn’t slowing down. How will those changes affect the future of media literacy? How can we make the skills we’ve discussed over this course transferable to future media & technology?

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Resources:

On YouTube Kids, Startling Videos Slip Past Filters https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/04/business/media/youtube-kids-paw-patrol.html?_r=0

Cathy O’Neil on Weapons of Math Destruction http://www.econtalk.org/archives/2016/10/cathy_oneil_on_1.html

What happens to your brain when you get a like on Instagram http://www.businessinsider.com/what-happens-to-your-brain-like-instagram-dopamine-2017-3

Eli Pariser: “Beware online ‘filter bubbles’” https://www.ted.com/talks/eli_pariser_beware_online_filter_bubbles

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The Dark(er) Side of Media: Crash Course Media Literacy #10

Propaganda! Misinformation! Disinformation! Today we’re talking about the dark – or, shall we say, darkER – side of media. Understanding these media bogeymen is essential to being a more media literate citizen.

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Resources:

The Persistent Mystery: How Many Died in 1989? https://www.nytimes.com/1999/06/04/world/the-persistent-mystery-how-many-died-in-1989.html

The Media Was Always Bad at Reporting Breaking News, a Brief History https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2013/09/media-was-always-bad-reporting-breaking-news-brief-history/311037/

How To Handle Rumors: http://egap.org/content/brief-31-how-handle-rumors

The Macedonian Teens Who Mastered Fake News https://www.wired.com/2017/02/veles-macedonia-fake-news/

We Tracked Down A Fake-News Creator In The Suburbs. Here’s What We Learned https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/11/23/503146770/npr-finds-the-head-of-a-covert-fake-news-operation-in-the-suburbs

Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning https://stacks.stanford.edu/file/druid:fv751yt5934/SHEG%20Evaluating%20Information%20Online.pdf

Social Clicks: What and Who Gets Read on Twitter? https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01281190

59 Percent Of You Will Share This Article Without Even Reading It https://www.forbes.com/sites/jaysondemers/2016/08/08/59-percent-of-you-will-share-this-article-without-even-reading-it/#7da2a9962a64

An Exercise to Sift for Sources Amid a Blitz of Fake News https://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/11/24/an-exercise-to-sift-for-sources-amid-a-blitz-of-fake-news/

***

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Media Policy & You: Crash Course Media Literacy #9

Copyright and other media regulations have always been a bit tricky, but the internet made all of that infinitely more complicated. But what does all of that mean for you, the consumer?

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Resources:
The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University’s Digital Literacy Platform http://dlrp.berkman.harvard.edu/

RIAA v. The People: Five Years Later https://www.eff.org/wp/riaa-v-people-five-years-later

Music Industry A-Listers Call on Congress to Reform Copyright Act https://www.billboard.com/articles/business/7318658/music-industry-stars-congress-reform-copyright-act

Department of Justice: Child Exploitation & Obscenity Section https://www.justice.gov/criminal-ceos

Why Kids Sext https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/11/why-kids-sext/380798/

Youth Sexting: A Legislative and Constitutional Analysis https://mjlr.org/2014/10/27/sexting-prosecutions-minors-as-a-protected-class-from-child-pornography-charges/

Consent for processing children’s personal data in the EU: following in US footsteps? https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13600834.2017.1321096

Lexicon of Lies: Teaching Resources https://datasociety.net/pubs/oh/DataAndSociety_TeachingGuide_LexiconofLies.pdf

***

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Media Ownership: Crash Course Media Literacy #8

We’ve talked about how broad a concept “the media” really is – and given that, it can be hard to keep track of all the different forces that constitute “the media.” It can be tough, but it’s not impossible. Today we’re talking about how all those big players fit together and why all those mergers and acquisitions matter to being a media literate citizen.

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Resources:
NEW ERA FOR THE TELEPHONE: OWNERSHIP REPLACING RENTAL https://www.nytimes.com/1982/12/16/business/new-era-for-the-telephone-ownership-replacing-rental.html?pagewanted=all

AT&T BREAKUP II : Highlights in the History of a Telecommunications Giant http://articles.latimes.com/1995-09-21/business/fi-48462_1_system-breakup

BELL SYSTEM BREAKUP OPENS ERA OF GREAT EXPECTATIONS AND GREAT CONCERN https://www.nytimes.com/1984/01/01/us/bell-system-breakup-opens-era-of-great-expectations-and-great-concern.html?pagewanted=all

The Federal Communications Commission and the Bell System: Abdication of Regulatory Responsibility https://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=2509&context=ilj

The Knight Foundation: How Youth Navigate the News Landscape https://knightfoundation.org/reports/how-youth-navigate-the-news-landscape

Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks http://www.pnas.org/content/111/24/8788.full

Facebook and Twitter are being used to manipulate public opinion https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jun/19/social-media-proganda-manipulating-public-opinion-bots-accounts-facebook-twitter

***

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Who is in Control?

Facebook is having a crisis now, but the amount of control that it, and other social platforms have over us, has been at crisis levels for sometime. It wasn’t clear until 2016, but my biggest concern is that we’re still only at the beginning of this. It turns out that affecting human perspective is not all that complicated.

Right now, we’re at the point where computers have gotten good at teaching themselves to keep our attention with content that humans are creating. I’m deeply worried about what happens when the computers get good at not just serving up, but creating the content. Advertisers are already working on that exact technology, and if it helps them sell detergent fine.

But if it gets good at selling ideas, we’ll be in a new era of human history. I don’t know if Congress will be savvy enough to regulate that, and I don’t know if Mark Zuckerberg will be good enough or even powerful enough to control it.

Thanks to John and Taha Khan for advising me on this and helping me get things right.

Thanks to Grant from Three Blue One Brown for the neural network image. His series on how neural network AI works is REALLY GOOD! – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aircAruvnKk

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Influence & Persuasion: Crash Course Media Literacy #6

We’ve mentioned already that there’s a lot of money in media and a huge chunk of that money is spent on trying to get you to do something – buy something, vote a certain way, change a behavior. How does advertising work? And what’s the difference between advertising, public relations, and propaganda? We’re going to talk about all that and more today.

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Resources:
How To Use 10 Psychological Theories To Persuade People https://www.fastcompany.com/3030173/how-to-use-10-psychological-theories-to-persuade-people

The 6 Principles of Persuasion https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/sex-murder-and-the-meaning-life/201212/the-6-principles-persuasion

Impact of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking behaviours. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14583977

L’oreal ad https://i.pinimg.com/originals/c9/0d/72/c90d7289dedc748eea577faede3f1def.jpg

Also: Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet really did help sell watches & perfume respectively: https://imagelocations.com/portfolio/tag-heuer-leo-d/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-kIjtbljMQ

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Media & Money: Crash Course Media Literacy #5

Media isn’t just movies and newspapers and TV shows, it’s also a part of society that involves a lot of money. And all that money has implications for the media that gets created. Media is created by people — a range of people, making a range of decisions, and earning a range of different paychecks to do it. Those decisions matter and understanding how money affects those decisions is an essential component of media literacy.

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Resources:

“What is Representation?” BBC Bitesize https://www.bbc.com/education/guides/z9fx39q/revision

“The Whites of Their Eyes: Racist Ideologies and the Media” by Stuart Hall. Gender, Race, and Class in Media: A Text Reader. https://blog.richmond.edu/watchingthewire/files/2015/08/The-Whites-of-Their-Eyes.pdf

“The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception” by Theodor Adorno https://web.stanford.edu/dept/DLCL/files/pdf/adorno_culture_industry.pdf

“If It’s Hard to Read, It’s Hard to Do: Processing Fluency Affects Effort Prediction and Motivation” Psychological Science https://dornsife.usc.edu/assets/sites/780/docs/08_ps_song___schwarz_effort.pdf

“A Recipe for Motivation: Easy to Read, Easy to Do” Scientific American https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-recipe-for-motivation/

***

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Media & the Mind: Crash Course Media Literacy #4

You are constantly surrounded by media, so the question is: how does your brain handle all of that? The unfortunate answer is that our brains have a lot of processes that not super helpful for media literacy, but hopefully with a little self-awareness, we can work around that.

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Resources:

How americans get their news: http://www.journalism.org/2016/07/07/pathways-to-news/

Clinton campaign, DNC paid for research that led to Russia dossier: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/clinton-campaign-dnc-paid-for-research-that-led-to-russia-dossier/2017/10/24/226fabf0-b8e4-11e7-a908-a3470754bbb9_story.html?utm_term=.b7766c66870a

***

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History of Media Lit, part 2: Crash Course Media Literacy #3

Jay continues our journey through the history of media literacy with the arrival of movies, television, and the other screens that now permeate our lives – along with some of the different approaches to media literacy that these inventions brought with them.

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History of Media Literacy, part 1: Crash Course Media Literacy #2

In order to understand the history of media literacy we have to go all the way back to straight up literacy. In the first half of our look at the history of media literacy, Jay takes us all the way back to Ancient Greece and forward through the printing press, newspapers, and Yellow Journalism.

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Resources & References:

The Impact of the Printing Press http://courses.educ.ubc.ca/etec540/Sept04/arthurp/researchtopic/index.htm

Grandparents of Media Literacy https://www.grandparentsofmedialiteracy.com/grandparent-gallery

Maine Explosion Caused by Bomb or Torpedo? https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/84ea964f-4861-b09d-e040-e00a18066a1d

***

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