If There’s Acid Rain, Is There Basic Rain?

You’ve probably heard of acid rain: rain that’s more acidic than normal because of pollution in the atmosphere. But, if rain can become more acidic, shouldn’t it also be able to become more basic?

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Sources:
https://smile.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured/dp/1608193942/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969700003806
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/es00167a014
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-0810-5_128
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2001JD001332
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0187623614710999
http://news.gallup.com/poll/1615/environment.aspx
https://www.epa.gov/acidrain/what-acid-rain
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/196buildings.html
https://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/climate-weather/atmospheric/acid-rain1.htm
https://dnr.wi.gov/regulations/labcert/documents/training/Basics-GenChem.pdf
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac60256a047
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/184ph.html
https://www.earthmagazine.org/article/neutralizing-rain-after-much-success-battle-against-acid-rain-challenges-remain
https://whatsyourimpact.org/greenhouse-gases/nitrous-oxide-emissions
https://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/SO2poster_508.pdf
http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200801_jan08/paper_02.pdf
https://ceoas.oregonstate.edu/people/files/jones/lajtha_jones_biogeochem_13.pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/16742834.2010.11446852
https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2004110582A2
https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/420/420-254/420-254.html
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07438148709354797
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sum.12270

The Deadpool Salamander

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Axolotls are special salamanders. Not only to they stay in their juvenile form their whole lives, they can regenerate entire limbs! Studying how they do it could change the way we treat human limb injuries.

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TV Moms, Animal Kingdom Moms, and Mother’s Day! – Mental Floss Scatterbrained

In today’s episode of Scatterbrained, we’re talking Mother’s Day! We first learn about a scientific study in which moms watched their teens play a driving game, which had an interesting impact on their risk-taking behavior. Then we switch over to TV moms, like Lorelai Gilmore and Marge Simpson, with a bunch of quick facts. We explore the unique habits of moms from the animal kingdom. And of course, we learn the history of Mother’s Day itself. Finally, we help you pick out Mother’s Day flowers.

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Why Do We Itch?

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It’s one of the most annoying sensations our bodies can feel, but does anything feel better than when you scratch an itch? Ok, maybe *some* things. But itching and scratching are up there. How does this weird sensation work? And what is itching for?

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Planet Earth Is Reading Too Far Into These Animals

David Attenborough seems insistent that he knows EXACTLY why animals are doing everything they’re doing in Planet Earth II. Maybe they’re just animals, Dave.

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What If You Never Forgot Anything?

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How does memory work? And how does… un-memory work? Our brain does a lot of remembering and forgetting every day, so you should probably make room for som info on how it works. You’ll also get to meet some people who can’t make memories, and also never forget anything.

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Why Do Tumbleweeds Tumble? | Deep Look

The silent star of classic Westerns is a plant on a mission. It starts out green and full of life. It even grows flowers. But to reproduce effectively, it needs to turn into a rolling brown skeleton.

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Tumbleweeds might be the iconic props of classic Westerns. But in real life, they’re not only a noxious weed, but one that moves around. Pushed by gusts of wind, they can overwhelm entire neighborhoods, as happened recently in Victorville, California, or become a threat for drivers and an expensive nuisance for farmers.

“They tumble across highways and can cause accidents,” said Mike Pitcairn, who tracks tumbleweeds at the California Department of Food and Agriculture in Sacramento. “They pile up against fences and homes.”

And tumbleweeds aren’t even originally from the West.

Genetic tests have shown that California’s most common tumbleweed, known as Russian thistle, likely came from Ukraine, said retired plant population biologist Debra Ayres, who studied tumbleweeds at the University of California, Davis.

A U.S. Department of Agriculture employee, L. H. Dewey, wrote in 1893 that Russian thistle had arrived in the U.S. through South Dakota in flaxseed imported from Europe in the 1870s.

“It has been known in Russia many years,” Dewey wrote, “and has quite as bad a reputation in the wheat regions there as it has in the Dakotas.” This is where the name Russian thistle originates, said Ayres, although tumbleweeds aren’t really thistles.

The weed spread quickly through the United States — on rail cars, through contamination of agricultural seeds and by tumbling.
“They tumble to disperse the seeds,” said Ayres, “and thereby reduce competition.”

By bouncing and rolling, a tumbleweed spreads out tens of thousands of seeds so that they all get plenty of sunlight and space.

Tumbleweeds grow well in barren places like abandoned agricultural fields, vacant lots or the side of the road, where they can tumble unobstructed and there’s no grass, which their seedlings can’t compete with.

— Where does a tumbleweed come from?

Tumbleweeds start out as any plant, attached to the soil. Seedlings, which look like blades of grass with a bright pink stem, sprout at the end of the winter. By summer, Russian thistle plants take on their round shape and grow flowers. Inside each flower, a fruit with a single seed develops.

Other plants attract animals with tasty fruits, and get them to carry away their seeds and disperse them when they poop.

Tumbleweeds developed a different evolutionary strategy. Starting in late fall, they dry out and die, their seeds nestled between prickly leaves. Gusts of wind easily break dead tumbleweeds from their roots and they roll away, spreading their seeds as they go.

— How big do tumbleweeds grow?

Mike Pitcairn, of the California Department of Food and Agriculture, said they can grow to be more than 6 feet tall in parts of the state like the San Joaquin Valley.

— Are tumbleweeds dangerous?

Yes. They can cause traffic accidents, and they can be a fire hazard if they pile up against buildings.

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How Ticks Dig In With a Mouth Full of Hooks
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This Giant Plant Looks Like Raw Meat and Smells Like Dead Rat
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Upside-Down Catfish Doesn’t Care What You Think
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eurCBOJMrsE

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97% of Climate Scientists Really Do Agree

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Do 97% of climate scientists really agree that humans are the main cause of climate change? Yep! Here’s what the 97 percent statistic *really* means.

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