Every Scientific Study on Arnold Schwarzenegger

Sometimes I use this platform for good, sometimes I use it to uncover every scientific study mentioning Arnold Schwarzenegger.

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After using a study mentioning Schwarzenegger a few episodes ago, I wondered, “How many scientific studies mention Arnold Schwarzenegger?” And when I looked into it, the answer REALLY got out of hand. This was a real pain in the neck.

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

Thanks to Teagan Wall for her research support (she is now the #1 world expert on Arnold Schwarzenegger in academia). This episode was written by Teagan Wall and Vanessa Hill. Filmed by Dominique Taylor and Edited by Vanessa Hill.

REFERENCES 📚
All papers mentioned here you can find in this document: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1bg_d3ZoFUs-b7V_gVKqZbjgaOdA4fTptCxM_E6xn8X0/edit?usp=sharing

The Deadpool Salamander

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References: http://bit.ly/2Gkoihd

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Why Do We Itch?

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It’s one of the most annoying sensations our bodies can feel, but does anything feel better than when you scratch an itch? Ok, maybe *some* things. But itching and scratching are up there. How does this weird sensation work? And what is itching for?

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Why Climate Change is Unjust | Hot Mess

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What do you think of when you hear the words “climate change?” Chances are, you might think of sad nature, somewhere far away. But climate change also affects humans, in every corner of the world, including the corner where you live, and where I live. It impacts the people and places we see everyday, and it will impact some of us more than others.

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What If You Never Forgot Anything?

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How does memory work? And how does… un-memory work? Our brain does a lot of remembering and forgetting every day, so you should probably make room for som info on how it works. You’ll also get to meet some people who can’t make memories, and also never forget anything.

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Why Do Tumbleweeds Tumble? | Deep Look

The silent star of classic Westerns is a plant on a mission. It starts out green and full of life. It even grows flowers. But to reproduce effectively, it needs to turn into a rolling brown skeleton.

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Tumbleweeds might be the iconic props of classic Westerns. But in real life, they’re not only a noxious weed, but one that moves around. Pushed by gusts of wind, they can overwhelm entire neighborhoods, as happened recently in Victorville, California, or become a threat for drivers and an expensive nuisance for farmers.

“They tumble across highways and can cause accidents,” said Mike Pitcairn, who tracks tumbleweeds at the California Department of Food and Agriculture in Sacramento. “They pile up against fences and homes.”

And tumbleweeds aren’t even originally from the West.

Genetic tests have shown that California’s most common tumbleweed, known as Russian thistle, likely came from Ukraine, said retired plant population biologist Debra Ayres, who studied tumbleweeds at the University of California, Davis.

A U.S. Department of Agriculture employee, L. H. Dewey, wrote in 1893 that Russian thistle had arrived in the U.S. through South Dakota in flaxseed imported from Europe in the 1870s.

“It has been known in Russia many years,” Dewey wrote, “and has quite as bad a reputation in the wheat regions there as it has in the Dakotas.” This is where the name Russian thistle originates, said Ayres, although tumbleweeds aren’t really thistles.

The weed spread quickly through the United States — on rail cars, through contamination of agricultural seeds and by tumbling.
“They tumble to disperse the seeds,” said Ayres, “and thereby reduce competition.”

By bouncing and rolling, a tumbleweed spreads out tens of thousands of seeds so that they all get plenty of sunlight and space.

Tumbleweeds grow well in barren places like abandoned agricultural fields, vacant lots or the side of the road, where they can tumble unobstructed and there’s no grass, which their seedlings can’t compete with.

— Where does a tumbleweed come from?

Tumbleweeds start out as any plant, attached to the soil. Seedlings, which look like blades of grass with a bright pink stem, sprout at the end of the winter. By summer, Russian thistle plants take on their round shape and grow flowers. Inside each flower, a fruit with a single seed develops.

Other plants attract animals with tasty fruits, and get them to carry away their seeds and disperse them when they poop.

Tumbleweeds developed a different evolutionary strategy. Starting in late fall, they dry out and die, their seeds nestled between prickly leaves. Gusts of wind easily break dead tumbleweeds from their roots and they roll away, spreading their seeds as they go.

— How big do tumbleweeds grow?

Mike Pitcairn, of the California Department of Food and Agriculture, said they can grow to be more than 6 feet tall in parts of the state like the San Joaquin Valley.

— Are tumbleweeds dangerous?

Yes. They can cause traffic accidents, and they can be a fire hazard if they pile up against buildings.

—+ More great Deep Look episodes:

How Ticks Dig In With a Mouth Full of Hooks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_IoOJu2_FKE

This Giant Plant Looks Like Raw Meat and Smells Like Dead Rat
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycUNj_Hv4_Y

Upside-Down Catfish Doesn’t Care What You Think
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eurCBOJMrsE

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Above the Noise: Why Is Vaping So Popular?
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Hot Mess: What Happened to Nuclear Power?
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KQED, an NPR and PBS affiliate in San Francisco, CA, serves Northern California and beyond with a public-supported alternative to commercial TV, radio and web media.

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What Happened to Nuclear Power? | Hot Mess

Peril & Promise is a public media initiative from WNET telling human stories of climate change and its solutions.
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Splitting the atom once promised to be the carbon-free energy source of the future. But today, nuclear power plants are aging and retiring worldwide. What happened?

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Host/Writer: Miriam Nielsen
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What Happened to Nuclear Power? | Hot Mess

Peril & Promise is a public media initiative from WNET telling human stories of climate change and its solutions.
Learn more at: at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/peril-and-promise/

Splitting the atom once promised to be the carbon-free energy source of the future. But today, nuclear power plants are aging and retiring worldwide. What happened?

Please SUBSCRIBE! ►► http://bit.ly/hotmess_sub
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References: *URL to Google Doc goes here*

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Host/Writer: Miriam Nielsen
Creative Director: David Schulte
Editors/Animators: Karl Boettcher & Derek Borsheim
Producers: Stephanie Noone & Amanda Fox
Editor-In-Chief: Joe Hanson
Story Editor: Alex Reich

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Produced by PBS Digital Studios
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How Gaslighting Manipulates Your Mind | Field Guide to Bad Behaviour

Has anyone ever made you question your reality? How gaslighting manipulates your mind.

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Humans are complicated: a tangled web of amazing biology and bad behaviours. This illustrated field guide will equip you with the necessary tools to navigate the lying, jealous and judgmental tendencies of your fellow humans. This week we explore gaslighting, a form of emotional abuse and thought manipulation.

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

REFERENCES 📚
Barton & Whitehead (1969) “The gas-light phenomenon”. Lancet https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(69)92133-3

Why we lie: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/lying-hoax-false-fibs-science/

Turning up the light on gaslighting, 2014: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/phpe.12046

Gaslighting in politics: https://www.nytimes.com/1995/11/26/opinion/l-liberties-the-gaslight-strategy-066192.html

Workplace abuse http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244017715076

97% of Climate Scientists Really Do Agree

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Do 97% of climate scientists really agree that humans are the main cause of climate change? Yep! Here’s what the 97 percent statistic *really* means.

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BOOKS WE’VE FEATURED:
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———–
It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Creative Director: David Schulte
Editor/animator: Derek Borsheim
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox

Produced by PBS Digital Studios
Music via APM
Stock images from Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com