What If We Were All Optimists?

Surprise! You’re more optimistic than you think.
PBS Digital Studios is grateful to Bill and Melinda Gates for their support. If you’d like to take a look at the 2018 Annual Letter, you can check it out here: http://b-gat.es/2Cfph0j

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BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode//
Written by Bahar Gholipour
Produced, Edited and Hosted by Vanessa Hill
Filming by Dominique Taylor
Animations by Jade Tan-Holmes

REFERENCES 📚
Sharot, T. (2011). The optimism bias. Current biology, 21(23), R941-R945. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982211011912

Strunk, D. R., Lopez, H., & DeRubeis, R. J. (2006). Depressive symptoms are associated with unrealistic negative predictions of future life events. Behaviour research and therapy, 44(6), 861-882. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005796705001476

Sharot, T., Korn, C. W., & Dolan, R. J. (2011). How unrealistic optimism is maintained in the face of reality. Nature neuroscience, 14(11), 1475. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3204264/

Odds of dying: http://www.nsc.org/learn/safety-knowledge/Pages/injury-facts-chart.aspx and http://driveithome.org/201801-andy-pilgrim-distracted-driving

Defusing the Population Bomb

Thank you to Bill and Melinda Gates for supporting PBS Digital Studios. If you’d like to take a look at the 2018 Annual Letter, you can check it out here http://b-gat.es/2Cfph0j
↓↓↓ More info and sources below ↓↓↓

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Is overpopulation real? Is Earth filling up with too many humans? How many people can Earth hold, anyway? As our species approaches 8 billion, human overpopulation is a major concern for many people. How can we reduce poverty and our impact on the environment? Do we need a forced one-child policy or something? Maybe not, because when we look at the science and history, populations seem to control themselves. This week we look at all these questions and more.

READ MORE:

https://ourworldindata.org

https://www.sciencemag.org/site/special/population/

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/346/6206/234

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/are-malthus-predicted-1798-food-shortages/

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It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Creative Director: David Schulte
Editor/animator: Karl Boettcher
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox

Produced by PBS Digital Studios
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Tuatara All The Way Down – Face To Face With A Living Fossil!

Your now is not your forever (unless you’re a tuatara)
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Special thanks to John Green! And to Amber Faasen and the Dallas Zoo herpetarium team!

During the 2017 Project For Awesome livestream, I promised I’d make a tuatara video if we hit our fundraising goal, and I’m a man of my word! Little did I know I’d get to meet a tuatara and learn things about a 200 million year old branch of life that would blow my mind. Get ready to meet the chillest reptile, weird living fossil, and star of Turtles All The Way Down… the tuatara.

3D tuatara skull animation courtesy of Digimorph: http://www.digimorph.org/

READ MORE:
“Turtles All The Way Down” by John Green: http://amzn.to/2GU2c6J

“Horseshoe Crabs and Velvet Worms: The Story of the Animals and Plants That Time Has Left Behind” by Richard Fortey http://amzn.to/2EpcfT2

Hay, J. M., Subramanian, S., Millar, C. D., Mohandesan, E., & Lambert, D. M. (2008). Rapid molecular evolution in a living fossil. Trends in Genetics, 24(3), 106-109.

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It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Creative Director: David Schulte
Editor/animator: Derek Borsheim
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox

Produced by PBS Digital Studios
Music via APM
Stock images from Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com

How Remixes Hijack Your Brain

Get VIDEOCRACY 👉 http://amzn.to/2qrxQ7q
More about the book (my video 🙃) https://youtu.be/xwlwNzLOGmA

YouTube, as a platform for creative expression, has inspired a new form of modern creativity. In this video essay, I explore how the remix, a product of this participatory creativity, hijacks your brain. Why do we love watching things we’ve probably already seen be reproduced in new ways?

Written, edited and produced by Vanessa Hill. Thanks to Kevin Allocca for his help with this video.

Say hello: https://twitter.com/nessyhill | https://instagram.com/nessyhill
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BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

FURTHER READING 📚
Videocracy: How YouTube is Changing the World https://kevinallocca.com/videocracy
Youth on YouTube as Smart Swarms: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00043125.2014.11519263?journalCode=uare20
Mashup Culture: https://books.google.com/books?id=tHQB-kLxlZ8C&source=gbs_book_other_versions
Secrets of Supercuts | Slate: http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/the_browser/2012/11/how_to_make_a_supercut_secrets_of_the_youtube_collage_form_revealed.html
Handbook of Creativity https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/11443_01_Henry_Ch01.pdf
Communicating creativity on YouTube: what and for whom?
https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1920104/file/6761597.pdf

VIDEOS 📽
Classics
Bob Ross Remixed | Happy Little Clouds | PBS Digital Studios https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YLO7tCdBVrA
Reading Rainbow Remixed | In Your Imagination | PBS Digital Studios https://youtu.be/-FD1K8OvVCs
Mister Rogers Remixed | Garden of Your Mind | PBS Digital Studios https://youtu.be/OFzXaFbxDcM
Julia Child Remixed | Keep On Cooking | PBS Digital Studios https://youtu.be/80ZrUI7RNfI
Wishery | Pogo https://youtu.be/qs1bG6BIYlo
Time Machine | Pogo & Skye https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtr5q6dn7CA
Muppet Mash | Pogo https://youtu.be/pwvflO3QKrI
Kutiman, GIVE IT UP https://youtu.be/WoHxoz_0ykI
DOUBLE RAINBOW SONG!! https://youtu.be/MX0D4oZwCsA
160 Greatest Arnold Schwarzenegger Quotes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDxn0Xfqkgw

On Remixes
Why videos go viral | Kevin Allocca https://youtu.be/BpxVIwCbBK0
Are YouTubers Revolutionizing Entertainment? | Off Book | PBS Digital Studios https://youtu.be/H3-YxxqSN5c
Henry Jenkins on Participatory Culture https://youtu.be/1gPm-c1wRsQ
Why Do We Experience Nostalgia? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dJw9TN0hoE
I Could Do That | The Art Assignment https://youtu.be/67EKAIY43kg

All Star
Smash Mouth – All Star https://youtu.be/L_jWHffIx5E
All Star but it’s played on two calculators https://youtu.be/3rfdYej30Dw
VILLAGE PEOPLE – Y.M.C.A. VOCAL COVER 2016 (OFFICIAL) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTwxtYin1p0
ADELE – HELLO VOCAL COVER 2016 (OFFICIAL) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uef0Qr56mKo
Smashmouth Recreated From Windows XP Sounds https://youtu.be/ahXQ7e8w7mQ

Shia
Shia LaBeouf “Just Do It” Motivational Speech (Original Video by LaBeouf, Rönkkö & Turner) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXsQAXx_ao0
Shia LaBeouf TED Talk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=os6U77Hhm_s
I’m sorry Shia, I’m afraid I can’t do that https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=loeZ-z9ct0Q
Shiawalker Inspirational https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cxCCp3nbCEk
Apple Watch Shia LaBeouf Edition https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RZC7iBEAsk
Just Do It! ft. Auto-tuned Shia LaBeouf (Motivational Music Video) ORIGINAL
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLOpX2cu-4g&feature=youtu.be&t=28s
This Is Sparta Shia LaBeouf – JUST DO IT https://youtu.be/XW74pHNxkaM
Damn It Shia https://youtu.be/k_e67Wwumz8
Shia LaBeouf motivates the Death Eaters [Harry Potter] https://youtu.be/CZgRTDApBks
+1 Shia every 3 seconds https://youtu.be/oTz93Y-qeq0
JUST DO IT!!! ft. Shia LaBeouf – Songify This https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UhRXn2NRiWI

Political
Gaddafi-Zenga Song-No girl edit version (Noy Alooshe Remix) https://youtu.be/6GcUutnU2gk
“Zenga” Clip about Gaddafi https://youtu.be/XeuZiFRzb4k
BRITAIN’S NEW LEADER RAPS LIKE A BOSS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xv7Jd94bnOI
Angela Merkel Sings Yung Hurn – Nein https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egZzDwJI-Bg
Cassetteboy – Cameron’s Conference Rap https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0YBumQHPAeU
Tony Abbott: “NO No NO” https://youtu.be/fi-q0ALVzPg
Barack Obama Singing Call Me Maybe by Carly Rae Jepsen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hX1YVzdnpEc&feature=youtu.be&t=34s
236.com: Synchronized Presidential Debating https://youtu.be/wfd5g8Y_Jqo

Supercuts
Sorkinisms – A Supercut https://youtu.be/S78RzZr3IwI
Alex Trebek is a Savage | Super Deluxe Super Cuts https://youtu.be/b8NCjz6ghrU
I’m Not Here to Make Friends! https://youtu.be/w536Alnon24

Humour
Why Do We Laugh? | Sci Show https://youtu.be/Ov-kXSS1_yc
Why Do We Laugh? | It’s Okay to be Smart https://youtu.be/9WzVMZunzaM

The Most Extreme Life Forms On Earth… And Beyond?

Life, uh… finds a way
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What have we learned from exploring Earth’s harshest locations? That pretty everywhere we look for life, we find it. From smoking hot hydrothermal vents to icy deserts, up in clouds and inside rocks, extremophiles have found a way to survive. These survivors and adapters are not only teaching us about life on Earth, but expanding the possibilities of where life can exist elsewhere.

READ MORE:

Horikoshi, K., Antranikian, G., Bull, A. T., Robb, F. T., & Stetter, K. O. (Eds.). (2010). Extremophiles handbook. Springer Science & Business Media.

Schulze-Makuch, D., Airo, A., & Schirmack, J. (2017). The Adaptability of Life on Earth and the Diversity of Planetary Habitats. Frontiers in microbiology, 8, 2011.

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It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Shaena Montanari, Ph.D.
Producer/editor/animator: Jordan Husmann
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox

Produced by PBS Digital Studios
Music via APM
Stock images from Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com

How to Think Like Einstein

The Neuroscience of Creativity: https://youtu.be/9CwyqtwtMHM
Check out the new channel, Origin of Everything: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiB8h9jD2Mlxx96ZFnGDSJw

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It seems like some people have so many great ideas –  like Albert Einstein, who as well as changing everything we know about the whole of space and time, also took a stab at fashion. Rest assured there are ways that the rest of us can be more creative, too. Following on from the last episode on the Neuroscience of Creativity, we explore some practical tips for boosting your creativity and generating more great ideas.

NEW VIDEO! The Neuroscience of Creativity: https://youtu.be/9CwyqtwtMHM
From the BrainCraft archive | The Secret to Creativity: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_Y-T_guM1I

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour and hosted/produced/animated by Vanessa Hill.

REFERENCES 📚
Eagleman, D., & Brandt, A. (2017). The Runaway Species: How human creativity remakes the world. Catapult.

Durante, D., & Dunson, D. B. (2018). Bayesian inference and testing of group differences in brain networks. Bayesian Analysis, 13(1), 29-58.
https://projecteuclid.org/download/pdfview_1/euclid.ba/1479179031

Li, W., Yang, J., Zhang, Q., Li, G., & Qiu, J. (2016). The Association between Resting Functional Connectivity and Visual Creativity. Scientific reports, 6.
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep25395

Bendetowicz, D., Urbanski, M., Aichelburg, C., Levy, R., & Volle, E. (2017). Brain morphometry predicts individual creative potential and the ability to combine remote ideas. Cortex, 86, 216-229.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010945216303161?via%3Dihub

The Neuroscience of Creativity

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Your brain uses lots of different pathways to communicate – which form complex networks in your brain. Creativity depends on the cooperation of two competing networks: one that generates spontaneous thoughts (the default mode network) and the executive control center of the brain that governs everything else. Our random, free-flowing thoughts that are worthy of further exploration pop into our consciousness when they’re recruited by the executive control network.

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Bahar Gholipour and produced/animated by Vanessa Hill.

FURTHER READING 📚
Kidd, C., & Hayden, B. Y. (2015). The psychology and neuroscience of curiosity. Neuron, 88(3), 449-460. http://www.cell.com/neuron/fulltext/S0896-6273(15)00767-9

De Pisapia, N., Bacci, F., Parrott, D., & Melcher, D. (2016). Brain networks for visual creativity: a functional connectivity study of planning a visual artwork. Scientific reports, 6. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep39185

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/beautiful-minds/the-real-neuroscience-of-creativity/

How to Figure Out the Day of the Week For Any Day Ever

To learn more about Brilliant, go to https://brilliant.org/BeSmart/ and sign up for free. First 200 people will get 20% off the annual Premium subscription.
↓↓↓ More info and sources below ↓↓↓

You can be a human computer too. Our cheat sheet: http://bit.ly/2rftqkv

You might think that computers are the only things that run algorithms, but you’re wrong. Here’s a neat mental trick for calculating the day of the week for any day ever, developed by famous mathematician John H. Conway

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READ MORE:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doomsday_rule

Martin Gardner, “The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays”

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Instagram: @DrJoeHanson
———–
It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Producer/editor/animator: Jordan Husmann
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox
Produced by PBS Digital Studios
Music via APM
Stock images from Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com
——

Why Is Blue So Rare In Nature?

Duh, except for the sky… and the ocean…
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Among living things, the color blue is oddly rare. Blue rocks, blue sky, blue water, sure. But blue animals? They are few and far between. And the ones that do make blue? They make it in some very strange and special ways compared to other colors. In this video, we’ll look at some very cool butterflies to help us learn how living things make blue, and why this beautiful hue is so rare in nature.

SPECIAL THANKS:
Smithsonian Institution – National Museum of Natural History
Bob Robbins, Ph.D. – Curator of Lepidoptera
Juan Pablo Hurtado Padilla – Microscope Educator

Richard Prum, Ph.D. – Yale University
Vinothan Manoharan, Ph.D. – Harvard University

SOURCES:

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———–

It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Director: Joe Nicolosi
Writer: Joe Hanson, Ph.D.
Producer/editor/animator: Jordan Husmann
Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox

Produced by PBS Digital Studios
Music via APM

The Surprising Similarities Between Twister and Intelligence

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Network Neuroscience offers a new way to look at our brains – where researchers organise our brain’s connections as patterns and look at how those connections interact, change and stay the same when we perform different tasks. It turns out that the flexibility of those connections can indicate how quickly we can learn or multitask – and is a top predictor of intelligence.

Thanks to Danielle Bassett, Associate Professor of Bioengineering at U Penn and MacArthur Fellow, for her help with this video.

And special thanks to the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation: https://www.macfound.org/
You can find another MacArthur Genius talking about her work on It’s Okay to Be Smart, Unweaving Spider Silk: https://youtu.be/QQOxB_ylkvs

My Twitter https://twitter.com/nessyhill | Instagram https://instagram.com/nessyhill

BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.

This episode was written by Vanessa Hill and Bahar Gholipour. Filmed by Ross Asdourian and produced, edited and animated by Vanessa Hill.

REFERENCES 📚
– Bassett, D. S., & Sporns, O. (2017). Network neuroscience. Nature Neuroscience, 20(3), 353-364.
https://sci-hub.tw/10.1038/nn.4502
– Barbey, A. K. (2017). Network neuroscience theory of human intelligence. Trends in cognitive sciences. http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/fulltext/S1364-6613(17)30221-8
– Learning takes brain acrobatics https://www.sciencenews.org/article/brain-flexibility-learning

IMAGES 🖼
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MRI_brain_sagittal_section.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Connectome.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Budapest_Reference_Connectome.png
https://freesound.org/people/InspectorJ/sounds/411494/