8 Survival Myths That Will Definitely Make Things Worse

You might think you know how to survive if you end up stranded in the wild, but those tips you read on the internet might just make things worse!

Some tips seem too good to be true, and they are. Others are ingrained enough to be common knowledge, except they’re wrong.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:

https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/desert-cloudscape-gm482377760-69992289
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/snowy-empty-driving-road-in-the-winter-iceland-gm657042568-119691245

Eating snow
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=1619
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/01/23/463959512/so-you-want-to-eat-snow-is-it-safe-we-asked-scientists
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/winter-scene-thaw-gm628875450-111753311

Cactus juice
https://www.britannica.com/story/can-you-drink-water-from-a-cactus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC148931/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/jsfa.2740350410
https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1202
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/photosynthesis-in-plants/photorespiration–c3-c4-cam-plants/a/c3-c4-and-cam-plants-agriculture
https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/calcium-oxalate-stone
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ferocactus_wislizeni_(6541006057).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Prickly_Pear_Closeup.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/field-of-cactus-gm145997810-6138805

Urine and blood
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2008/05/the_yellow_liquid_diet.html
https://www.livescience.com/15899-drinking-blood-safe.html
https://www.hemochromatosis.org/#overview
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/beer-with-forth-gm183243456-14730136
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/blood-dripping-gm157509239-10684671

Moss
http://mentalfloss.com/article/56243/does-moss-really-only-grow-north-side-trees
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=2975
http://projects.ncsu.edu/project/bio181de/Lab/plant_phylogeny/non-vascular.html
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/strong-roots-of-old-tree-covered-with-green-moss-close-up-gm866600452-144131965
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/the-gree-hell-mossy-roots-and-trunks-in-deep-forest-gm912425688-251189812

Alcohol
http://mentalfloss.com/article/32256/does-drinking-alcohol-really-keep-you-warm-when-its-cold-out
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2318781
https://www.princeton.edu/~oa/safety/hypocold.shtml
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-view-of-the-bottle-in-ice-gm133897014-18274727
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/young-woman-drinking-a-tea-on-the-city-gm628664428-111676911

Frostbite
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/926249-overview#a3
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352688
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/man-with-a-tan-beanie-and-red-scarf-trying-to-warm-up-gm142527503-17874723

Snakebite
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra013477
https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/pathophysiological-and-pharmacological-effects-of-snake-venom-components-molecular-targets-2161-0495.1000-190.php?aid=25709
http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/venomous-snake-bites-mans-finger-gm939901378-256963981
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/isolated-diamondback-rattlesnake-gm91032724-5881298

Jellyfish
https://www.britannica.com/science/nematocyst#ref1013437
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/3/105/htm?xid=PS_smithsonian
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/how-fix-jellyfish-sting-180963582/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-behind-that-jellyfish-sting-2844876/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4728541/
https://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/14/health/14real.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3773479/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moon_jellyfish_at_Gota_Sagher.JPG
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/stingers-gm172300393-3544362

Thumbnail:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/caveman-gm157533887-11308958

If There’s Acid Rain, Is There Basic Rain?

You’ve probably heard of acid rain: rain that’s more acidic than normal because of pollution in the atmosphere. But, if rain can become more acidic, shouldn’t it also be able to become more basic?

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Sources:
https://smile.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured/dp/1608193942/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969700003806
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/es00167a014
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-0810-5_128
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2001JD001332
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0187623614710999
http://news.gallup.com/poll/1615/environment.aspx
https://www.epa.gov/acidrain/what-acid-rain
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/196buildings.html
https://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/climate-weather/atmospheric/acid-rain1.htm
https://dnr.wi.gov/regulations/labcert/documents/training/Basics-GenChem.pdf
http://homepages.gac.edu/~anienow/CHE-102/Lectures/Chapter%206.pdf
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac60256a047
http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/184ph.html
https://www.earthmagazine.org/article/neutralizing-rain-after-much-success-battle-against-acid-rain-challenges-remain
https://whatsyourimpact.org/greenhouse-gases/nitrous-oxide-emissions
https://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/SO2poster_508.pdf
http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200801_jan08/paper_02.pdf
https://ceoas.oregonstate.edu/people/files/jones/lajtha_jones_biogeochem_13.pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/16742834.2010.11446852
https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2004110582A2
https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/420/420-254/420-254.html
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07438148709354797
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sum.12270

BGN Interview: BGN’s Jonita chats with Gabrielle Union about “Breaking In”

BGN’s Jonita Davis chats with Gabrielle Union about her starring role in “Breaking In.”

On Mother’s Day, Gabrielle Union stars as a woman who will stop at nothing to rescue her two children being held hostage in a house designed with impenetrable security. No trap, no trick and especially no man inside can match a mother with a mission when she is determined on Breaking In.

Starring
Gabrielle Union, Billy Burke, Richard Cabral, Ajiona Alexus, Levi Meaden, Jason George, Seth Karr and Christa Miller

Directed By
James McTeigue

Produced By
Will Packer, Gabrielle Union, James Lopez, Craig Perry, Sheila Hanahan Taylor

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Like this video? Check this out: https://youtu.be/2GqUOVIHIBA

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About Black Girl Nerds:

Black Girl Nerds is a place for women of color with various eccentricities to express themselves freely and embrace who they are. This is not a site exclusively for Black women. It’s for ALL women who are just as nerdy as we are and the men who love and appreciate us.

This community encourages other bloggers, web creators, and the like to create niche sites such as this one to spread to the world that being a nerd is a lovely thing.

Were The Children of Flint Poisoned? Not So Fast… | Against Medical Advice 044

There is no known safe level of lead exposure for children. The Flint water crisis exposed poorly managed infrastructure that desperately demanded repair. But were the children of Flint “poisoned” by toxic lead levels, or is there a deeper story here?

Dr. Hernán F. Gómez, MD, Associate Professor, Dept. of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan Medicine, Hurley Medical Center joins us on this special episode of Against Medical Advice to talk about this study in the Journal of Pediatrics (of which he was lead author). http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(17)31758-4/fulltext

http://zdoggmd.com/ama044

Upside-Down Catfish Doesn’t Care What You Think

You might suppose this catfish is sick, or just confused. But swimming belly-up actually helps it camouflage and breathe better than its right-side-up cousins.

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DEEP LOOK: a new ultra-HD (4K) short video series created by KQED San Francisco and presented by PBS Digital Studios. See the unseen at the very edge of our visible world. Get a new perspective on our place in the universe and meet extraordinary new friends. Explore big scientific mysteries by going incredibly small.

Normally, an upside-down fish in your tank is bad news. As in, it’s time for a new goldfish.

That’s because most fish have an internal air sac called a “swim bladder” that allows them to control their buoyancy and orientation. They fill the bladder with air when they want to rise, and deflate it when they want to sink. Fish without swim bladders, like sharks, have to swim constantly to keep from dropping to the bottom.

If an aquarium fish is listing to one side or flops over on its back, it often means it has swim bladder disease, a potentially life-threatening condition usually brought on parasites, overfeeding, or high nitrate levels in the water.

But for a few remarkable fish, being upside-down means everything is great.

In fact, seven species of catfish native to Central Africa live most of their lives upended. These topsy-turvy swimmers are anatomically identical to their right-side up cousins, despite having such an unusual orientation.

People’s fascination with the odd alignment of these fish goes back centuries. Studies of these quizzical fish have found a number of reasons why swimming upside down makes a lot of sense.

In an upside-down position, fish produce a lot less wave drag. That means upside-down catfish do a better job feeding on insect larvae at the waterline than their right-side up counterparts, who have to return to deeper water to rest.

There’s something else at the surface that’s even more important to a fish’s survival than food: oxygen. The gas essential to life readily dissolves from the air into the water, where it becomes concentrated in a thin layer at the waterline — right where the upside-down catfish’s mouth and gills are perfectly positioned to get it.

Scientists estimate that upside-down catfishes have been working out their survival strategy for as long at 35 million years. Besides their breathing and feeding behavior, the blotched upside-down catfish from the Congo Basin has also evolved a dark patch on its underside to make it harder to see against dark water.

That coloration is remarkable because it’s the opposite of most sea creatures, which tend to be darker on top and lighter on the bottom, a common adaptation called “countershading” that offsets the effects of sunlight.

The blotched upside-down catfish’s “reverse” countershading has earned it the scientific name negriventris, which means black-bellied.

— How many kinds of fish swim upside down?

A total of seven species in Africa swim that way. Upside-down swimming may have evolved independent in a few of the species – and at least one more time in a catfish from Asia.

— How do fish stay upright?

They have an air-filled swim bladder on the inside that that they can fill or deflate to maintain balance or to move up or down in the water column.

— What are the benefits of swimming upside down?

Upside down, a fish swims more efficiently at the waterline, where there’s more oxygen and better access to some prey.

—+ Read the entire article on KQED Science:

https://ww2.kqed.org/2018/04/14/the-mystery-of-the-upside-down-catfish

—+ For more information:

The California Academy of Sciences has upside-down catfish in its aquarium collection: https://www.calacademy.org/exhibits/steinhart-aquarium

—+ More Great Deep Look episodes:

Take Two Leeches and Call Me in the Morning
https://youtu.be/O-0SFWPLaII

This Is Why Water Striders Make Terrible Lifeguards
https://youtu.be/E2unnSK7WTE

—+ See some great videos and documentaries from the PBS Digital Studios!

PBS Eons: What a Dinosaur Looks Like Under a Microscope
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rvgiDXc12k

Origin of Everything: The Origin of Race in the USA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVxAlmAPHec

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KQED, an NPR and PBS affiliate in San Francisco, CA, serves Northern California and beyond with a public-supported alternative to commercial TV, Radio and web media.

Funding for Deep Look is provided in part by PBS Digital Studios. Deep Look is a project of KQED Science, which is supported by the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, the Dirk and Charlene Kabcenell Foundation, the Vadasz Family Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Fuhs Family Foundation Fund and the members of KQED.

Is There Less Oxygen in the Winter Since It’s Colder?

Plants make oxygen using photosynthesis, but what happens to the air when those trees drop their leaves in winter?

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Sources:

Don’t Get Neil Tyson Started on Water Towers

Neil deGrasse Tyson reveals his love of the engineering marvels that are NYC water towers. To learn more about gravity, physics, and the general science that makes it possible for water to be pumped into your home at a moment’s notice, check out Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/practice/water-towers/

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7 Organisms That Can Clean Toxic Waste

Toxic waste, by definition, is harmful to living things, but there are actually a bunch of plants, animals, fungi, and microbes that can help us clean it up!

Hosted by: Olivia Gordon
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
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Sources:

http://discovermagazine.com/2013/julyaug/13-mushrooms-clean-up-oil-spills-nuclear-meltdowns-and-human-health
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/jp5k9x/the-plan-to-mop-up-the-worlds-largest-oil-spill-with-fungus
https://www.livescience.com/20573-fungal-cleanup-newtown-creek.html
https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2013/06/28/the-power-of-mushrooms-to-save-the-planet/
http://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/a-resilient-community/how-mushrooms-eat-oil
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/18/science/earth/18enviro.html
https://japantoday.com/category/national/sunflowers-used-to-clean-up-radiation
https://www.sciencenews.org/sites/default/files/15003-14.pdf
https://www.seeker.com/mussels-and-clams-can-clean-up-polluted-water-1768972732.html
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es5011576
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/es5033212
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Triclocarban
https://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/clams/mussels.html
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180117131134.htm
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0189726
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs379/en/
http://rydberg.biology.colostate.edu/phytoremediation/2006/webpage_trez/Pennycress.htm, http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2007/10/researchers-explore-power-plants-clean-soils
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00299-011-1013-2
http://www.nature.com/news/1999/990429/full/news990429-5.html
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es070507a
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/apr/24/plastic-munching-worms-could-help-wage-war-on-waste-galleria-mellonella
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/apr/25/plastic-eating-bugs-wax-moth-caterpillars-bee
http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822(17)30231-2

Images:

http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo/126482861
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pleurotus_ostreatus_JPG7.jpg
http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo-sunflower-field-in-the-summer-bulgaria/514381204
http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo-field-of-sunflowers/200279231-001
http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo-clams-in-a-white-background/927195038
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anodonta_californiensis_FWS_19245.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Corbicula_fluminea.jpg
http://www.thinkstockphotos.com/image/stock-photo-hand-in-glove-holding-a-test-tube-of-clear/543560076
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ltshp.JPG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sporophyte_of_Funaria.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gebirgs-Hellerkraut.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nicotiana_Tobacco_Plants_1909px.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Galleria_mellonella_dorsal.jpg
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/138863.php

How Tattoos Really Work… At Least in Mice

Check out the great YouTube channel Technicality and get a special offer from Skillshare here: https://youtu.be/TjKuu0U2yA4

People have been getting tattoos for thousands of years, but we’ve never quite been sure why the ink sticks around under our skin. A group of researchers now think they might have the answer. Plus, scientists are on the road to making drought-proof plants!

Hosted by: Stefan Chin
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Kelly Landrum Jones, Sam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Justin Lentz
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Sources:
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/tattoos-144038580/
https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-06/fyi-what-makes-tattoos-permanent
http://www.businessinsider.com/what-happens-to-skin-when-you-get-a-tattoo-2015-6
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/07/the-real-reason-tattoos-are-permanent/374825/
http://redo.com.my/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/97_Ferguson_NeodymiumYAG-Laser_BJD_Nd.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20171608
https://ensia.com/voices/gmos-silver-bullets-and-the-trap-of-reductionist-thinking/
http://nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03231-x
http://ripe.illinois.edu/team/executive-committee
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6314/857